1.1General Background of the Study
Human beings are ordinarily curious about each other’s, themselves or
to convey their ideas related to human experience. In addition, they often ask
questions about the reasons for her behavior and action. To satisfy their
curiosity they learn through reading literature. Literature is not only gives us a
fantasy of enjoying reading, but also takes us to understand and to learn about
People often tend to interpret it as textbooks or as anything simply that
is written. This definition is too broad. Rees, (1973:2) states that:
Literature at least has two different ways in using the word literature.
First, literature in the broad sense means anything that is written. This
kind of literature is used when people need information. Second,
literature in addition, serious sense, means a permanent expression in
words of some thought or feeling or idea about life and the world.
Literature is performance in word; it strongly holds our attention
seems complete in itself; it is not primary regarded as sources of information,
it is offer unique delight satisfaction (Barnet, et. al, 1963:8).
Meanwhile, Connolly as quoted by Koesnosoebroto (1988: 3) states
that literature is divided into literature of imagination and literature of
knowledge. The literature of imagination interprets experience by victituo is
presentation of persons, ideas and events the author invents of life like image
or story that embodies truths of human nature.
Whereas, the literature of knowledge interprets facts, ideas, or happenings. It
is based on the people’s need of information. The examples of literature of
imagination are drama, poem, and novel. The examples of the literature of
knowledge are technical books, textbook, etc.
Beside the definition of literature, it is necessary to know why people
do study literature. Literature has its roots in one of the most basic human
desire, the desire for pleasure. Literature gives pleasure to the reader by
imitating life or more precisely by displaying its writer’s vision of life as it
displays or as the writers think, it should be. For example, a truly good book
can speak of imaginary people so vividly that they seem more alive than other
people do in real life.
Connolly as quoted by Koesnosoebroto (1988) states that people read
literature because of hunger of information or amusement or solace because of
an appetite for truth that seems to grow by what it feeds on. They read to
discover themselves and their world, to asses their special roles in the
universe, to learn the meaning of the personal struggles in which they are
engaged. In other words, they want to share experience.
Based on the explanation above the writer draws a conclusion that
literature is everything that has ever been written and one of the fine arts. It
entertains and gives pleasures and it can imitate life and its problems.
Literature my be divided into novels, plays, short stories, poetry, essays,
biographies, magazines and so on.
One of literary works is novel. The word novel is derived from the
Italian novella, the full length novel may consist of over 100.000 words,
contain a number of characters. Some of them are fully developed, have more
incidents, scenes, or episodes, have a number of settings, and may take place
in a long spent of time. It may have more than one theme, may have both
minor and major crisis and climaxes. A Prose is longer than a short story. Its
chief purpose is usually to entertain, but it may also help readers to understand
life and the history of mankind. The novel can also help to make a reader a
more understanding person, and more tolerant and more sympathetic toward
While, Kennedy (1979: 231) states that a novel is a book of length
story in prose whose authors tries to creates the sense that, while we read our
experience actual life.
Koesnosoebroto (1988: 19) quoted by Hall (1983: 195) states that
length allows and perhaps requires the novel multiple structure, it gives space
to several protagonists and more character, both round and flat. There may be
plots, counterplots, and subplots, stories outside the main story, often arranged
for contrast or ironic comment. We also have more space for social and
historical complexity, more psychological background of character, motives,
and choice. The reason of why character does some actions is called
Some people seem to be very successful, highly motivated individuals.
The energy, the drive, or the directions come from motivation. Motivation is
an area of psychology that has gotten a great deal of attention, especially in the
recent years. The reason is that we all want to be successful, we all want
direction and drive, and we all want to be seen as motivated.
Motivation refers, in a general sense, to processes involved in the
initiation, direction, and energization of individual behavior (Parkinson &
Colman, 1995: 38).
Based on the theories of motivation, the writer concludes that
motivation is condition that activates behavior to refer in general sense of
individual behavior. In this study, the writer focuses on the motivation of the
main character’s effort to achieve her goal in Jeanne Wakutsuki Houston
Farewell to Manzanar as the topic of my study.
1.2 Reason for Choosing the Topic
There are several reasons why the writer chooses the topic “motivation
in Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston’s Farewell to Manzanar: A study of the main
character’s Effort to Achieve Her Goal” are as follows:
First, motivation is a great thing in our life that influences all of our
activity. Therefore, this topic is important to be analyzed because it gives
explanation about motivation of the character in achieving her goal. So, we
can take it to be employed in our life.
Second, motivation is very important in learning teaching activity.
Learners should have good motivation to get good result in studying.
Therefore, by analyzing the motivation of the character in achieving the goal.
Hopefully, it can apply the concept of motivation found in the novel Farewell
to Manzanar in English teaching.
Third, the topic is very significant to the development of literary
appreciation or literary analysis because it can be used as the example of
Finally, the writer knows, this topic has not been discussed broadly by
students of English Department of UNNES. Therefore, it is necessary for me
to explore it. This discussion can give benefit for students majoring in English
Literature who interest in psychology. It also can help them to be more
optimistic because after reading and analyzing this novel, they can see the
struggle of life to become a successful person.
1.3 Statements of the Problem
In this thesis, the writer wants to limit the discussion of the motivation
in Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston’s novel Farewell to Manzanar by presenting the
(1) What is the intrinsic motivation of the main character?
(2) What is the extrinsic motivation of the main character?
(3) How is the concept of motivation applied in English teaching?
1.4 Objectives of the Study
The objectives of the study can be stated as follows:
(1) To analyze the intrinsic motivation of the main character in the novel.
(2) To analyze the extrinsic motivation of the main character in the novel.
(3) To find out the concept of motivation in English teaching.
1.5 Significance of the Study
The significance of the study would be as follows:
(1) The study would be able to introduce literature to students.
(2) The study would be able to help the readers to analyze the novel.
(3) This study is expected to give additional knowledge for people who are
interested in learning motivation.
(4) The result of the study would become a basis or reference for those who
want to make analysis in the same fields especially the students of English
department of UNNES.
1.6 Outline of the Study
This thesis is divided into five chapters. Each chapter will contain
Chapter I is the introduction. This chapter explains the background of
the study, the reason for choosing the topic, statements of the problem, the
objectives of the study, the significant of the study, the method of
investigation, and the outline of the thesis.
Chapter II is the review to the related literature. This chapter describes
psychology, motivation, the type of motivation, the effort, achieves, the goal,
the elements of the novel.
Chapter III is method of investigation. This chapter includes the object
of the study, the sources of data, the procedures of collecting data, the
procedures of analyzing data the procedure of reporting data, the elements of
Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston’s novel Farewell to Manzanar.
Chapter IV is the result of analysis. This chapter contains of the
synopsis of Farewell to Manzanar and discussion of the study, they are
intrinsic and extrinsic motivation of the main character
Chapter V contains the conclusion and suggestion.
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